Welcome to the Wefugees Community and thank you for reaching out to us.
It is very difficult to give a tailored and profound advice based on very little information and the limited picture we have from your quite complex situation. Since you are from a so-called "safe country of origin", the asylum and residence laws in Germany unfortunately make it very difficult for you in many aspects. One disadvantage is, that you are not allowed to work during the asylum procedure and therefore can not start an apprenticeship (Ausbildung) either. On your first question: As far as I know, the application for the "Aufschiebende Wirkung" is not enough for stopping a potential deportation - the court would have to grant it for the legal effectiveness. Can you give us an update regarding the court's decision on this?
From your explanations I understand that you hired a lawyer for your case, right? I would definitely have recommended to do so as well. I am sorry that I can not give you more positive information here. But I will also link our dear @mbeon-Christine - maybe she can correct my thoughts and/or add any advice.
In any case, please don't hesitate to give us an update on your situation or to get back to us with any further questions.
All the best,