Welcome back to the Wefugees Community and thank you for reaching out to us again.
I would agree with @MB. In case your asylum application gets rejected, there is no guarantee that your current work permit will stay valid for the same period written on your Aufenthaltsgestattung now. You might be asked to leave the country or the immigration office will issue a Duldung. As MB mentioned already, wether you are allowed to work with a Duldung will depend on various factors, including clarifying your identity, for instance.
About the blue passport: This is nothing you could apply for now. If the BAMF's decision on your asylum case will be positive and they give you a refugee status, the immigration office will issue the refugee passport (blue passport) accordingly. Or are you talking about the "Blue Card/EU" for highly skilled workers?
Making an Ausbildung in Germany is in general always advisable and can help you to secure your stay - even if your asylum application fails. However, as you are already qualified, there might be other perspecties for you as well. It is a bit difficult to give you a tailored recommendation here without knowing too many details. Did you check this website already? I think it is very useful if you want to find out how to acknowledge your degree here in Germany.
I will also link two of our experts here as well. Dear @mbeon-Rukundo or @mbeon-Ruth, can you add any information/advice?
I hope this helps and please don't hesitate to get back to us with any further questions.
All the best,