thank you aga for sharining you your question in the community. As for me, I can give you the following answers:
1. The processing time for redistribution requests can take up to several months, depending on the number of requests.
2.He has good chances on the ground of family reunion to the underage child. It is regulated in the law.
3. It depends on his status in Germany. If he have already worked and has asylum or Aufenthaltstitel, he can maybe turn to the Jobcenter and apply for securing livelihood, that means to get state support. He has to search a job alone.
I hope these answers can help you and your friend to get ahead. If you need more help, you can contact me through the mbeon application. You can download it free charge. You can do this using one of the following links:
The app and the messaging are confidential.
You can find me in the app under the name: Alzey, Herr Zsigó.
Thank you for your trust.