Welcome back to the Wefugees Community and thank you for reaching out to us again.
Did you contact the Refugee Council in Mönchengladbach as mentioned in my answer on your last question? I am sure they can give you much more detailed and locally specific information - I would highly recommend it!
As soon as you officially applied for asylum (maybe for the time being you are only registered as someone who wants to apply for asylum?) and the immigration office is informed on this, they will issue a so-called "Aufenthaltsgestattung". You will hold this document until the BAMF decided on your case. As an asylum seeker, you will be entitled to receive support according to the "Asylbewerberleistungsgesetz".
I am afraid that you will not be allowed to work in the first three months after you got issued the "Ankunftsnachweis". Please see this website by the Agentur für Arbeit for more details.
I hope this helps and don't hesitate to keep us updated on your situation and especially on the feedback of the Refugee Council.
All the best,