your Information ist not exact, therefore it is difficult to evaluate properly.
It is unusual to get a financial punishment for not bringing a passport. Could it be a punishment for staying in Germany without a residence permit, inspite of a claim to leave the country, and without documents (so called “unerlaubter Aufenthalt”)?
As far as I understand, it’s come from the local court (Amtsgericht). You can make an appeal to the local court against this decision within 1 month after receiving (look in the information in the end of the letter about the punishment). So you can think about it, if you still have time. You will normally have an appointment to a hearing in the court and if you give good arguments, they can cancel the punishment or reduce it. If the month time is over, it is normally too late or you must have reasons to do it later.
It is not clear at all with your Ausbildung. If you’ve already finished your Ausbildung as a Pflegehelfer and haven’t start the “qualified” Ausbildung (Altenpfleger or Krankenpfleger), you can’t ask for Ausbildungsduldung. This “good” Duldung is only possible for a qualified Ausbildung, the Pflegehelfer-Ausbildung is not of this kind. And you anyway can’t have Ausbildungsduldung after you’ve finisched your Ausbildung – only during Ausbildung.
If you are still in the process of Ausbildung or you have a contract for the qualified Ausbildung starting in the next months and the permission from the Ausländerbehörde to do it, you can get Ausbildungsduldung. If you’ve already applied for it and you fulfil all the conditions, except of your passport, and if you really made all steps to provide the passport and the only problem ist the slow tempo of the consulate, you normally can’t be deported.
You (or better your lawyer if you have one) can ask the Ausländerbehörde to give you a written confirmation, that you fulfil the conditions for Ausbildungsduldung and they won’t deport you but give you this document after providing the passport. For the meantime they can give you so called “Ermessensduldung” with which they normally don’t deport.
For better advice you must go personally to a good councelling center for migrants or to a good lawyer with an expertise in migration / asylum law. I wish you luck!