Hello dear @mo-ellas,
Welcome to Wefugees and thank you for contributing to our community with your question.
You are right, since the new law came into effect on July 1, 2018, Hungary's refugee politics have become intensely strict, making it almost impossible to seek asylum and criminalizing those who help refugees and asylum seekers (according to Human Rights Watch: https://www.hrw.org/news/2018/06/22/hungary-tries-stop-asylum-seekers-new-law).
If you apply for asylum in the Netherlands, the Dublin III Regulations will still apply. They will check the European database Eurodac and easily find out you have been living in Hungary as a student. That gives the Netherlands grounds to deport you back to Hungary and recognize Hungary as the responsible country for your asylum claim.
However, you have options to appeal the decision, also based on insufficient care for refugees and the political situation in Hungary. This is still not a guarantee that the Netherlands will accept your claim.
Have a look at these threads from our platform that may help:
I left a fingerprint in Hungary, but I want to apply for asylum in Sweden - is that possible?
Does Dublin III effect me if I seek asylum in Italy?
Here is more information on asylum applications (and the Dublin Regulation) in the Netherlands: https://ind.nl/Documents/Dublin_Engels.pdf
If you are in the Netherlands, you can reach out to a refugee support service for some more legal advice. They can have a closer look at your case and support you during the process: http://www.refugeelegalaidinformation.org/netherlands-pro-bono-directory
I hope these sources help. Please reach out to us again if you have any more questions or need further assistance!
All the best,