Welcome to the Wefugees Community and thank you for reaching out to us.
I am not sure if I fully understand your situation: You did an "Einbürgerung"? That would actually mean that you are German citizen now and obviously have permanent residence. But I assume that this was a misunderstanding.
For an independent residence permit according to §31 of the German residence Act you indeed need to be married in Germany since minimum three years (as far as I know minimum 2 years for Turkish citizens). There are exceptions though, if the person suffered from violence in the relationship, for instance.
However, not fulfilling the requirements for the §31 AufenthG does not necessarily lead to immediate deportation. I would highly recommend you to see a lawyer or to make an appointment in a migration counselling office, for instance, to discuss your options.
In any case, always feel free to get back to us with any further questions.
All the best,