Welcome to the Wefugees Community and thank you for sharing your question.
According to the Dublin regulation, the responsibility for an asylum procedure is with the country which the applicant entered first (but also where the applicant got registered first or the country which issued a visa). Furthermore, the regulation is giving a 6 months period, in which the applicant is suppose to be deported to that country in charge. If the 6 months are over and the applicant is still residing in the country which rejected the asylum case with reference to the Dublin regulation, the case shell be transferred to that country. What I am trying to explain is, after the 6 months you will not get issued a residence permit automatically. In theory, Germany should examine your asylum application now and make a decision.
However, sometimes the authorities might find other reasons for not checking your case and still refer to the responsibility of other countries. I would highly recommend you to consult a lawyer on this. Additionally, authorities might want to apply different rules during these Corona affected times (i.e. extending the 6 months period in certain cases). Please see this prior answer for more information.
I hope this helps and please get back to us with any further questions.
All the best,