Thank you for reaching out to our community and Welcome!
Let's have a look at your questions separately:
1. There seems to be the possibility to be granted a permanent residence permit after three years, as our asylum law expert Nilab explains on the following thread: Can I apply for permanent residence after three years?
However, this may only apply in special cases.
These are the general requirements to be eligible:
- They have held a residence permit for 5 years.
- They have the means to support themselves without public funds.
- They have paid the compulsory or voluntary contributions to statutory pension insurance for at least 60 months.
- They are entitled to exercise gainful employment and have the permits to do so.
- They have a sufficient command of German and basic knowledge of the legal and social system and way of life in Germany
- They have sufficient living space for themselves and their family.
This information is from the website "Make it in Germany". They explain other options to get a permanent residence permit here: https://www.make-it-in-germany.com/en/visa/living-permanently-in-germany/settlement-permit/
Here is more information by the BAMF: http://www.bamf.de/EN/Migration/Arbeiten/Daueraufenthalt/daueraufenthalt-node.html
As you can read on any of these websites, you are able to apply for a residence permit earlier (after two instead of five years), if you have graduated from a German university.
The prerequisites are explained in this brochure starting on page 34: http://www.bamf.de/SharedDocs/Anlagen/EN/Publikationen/Broschueren/bildung-und-beruf-in-deutschland.pdf?__blob=publicationFile#page=34
2. As one of the prerequisites is supporting yourself without public funds, I am unsure if a scholarship counts. Applying for a permanent residence permit requires you to have worked and paid into the pension system.
Yet, there are different requirements for graduates from German universities who apply: you must have held a residence permit for the purpose of employment right after completing your studies for at least two years, have a job related to your studies (qualifications) and paid into the pension system for 2 years.
[If you are interested in scholarships, here is a list by the DAAD: https://www.daad.de/deutschland/stipendium/datenbank/en/21148-scholarship-database/?status=&origin=&subjectGrps=&daad=&q=&page=1&back=1]
Also, here are some more threads from our platform regarding permanent residence permits, especially the first one might be interesting for you:
When can I get permanent residency?
How long do I have to be married to my wife until I can apply for a permanent residence permit in Germany?
Maybe there is another way to receive a permanent residence permit quicker. Especially since you plan on studying, it might be best to contact a student help center for more information. Otherwise, the BAMF lists these contact details of the "Citizen Service" for help:
Phone: +49 (0) 911-943-6390; E-mail: email@example.com
I hope the sources and information I linked here help. Feel free to reach out to us again if you have any more questions!
All the best,