Welcome back to the Wefugees Community and thank you for reaching out to us again.
In general, the issuing of a residence permit does not require a prior Duldung.
However, I remember that we discussed your situation already before in this thread and it was indeed complicated. For what kind of residence permit did you apply? According to section 28 of the German Residence Act (as father of a German child) or according to 25 (5), for instance? I realised that our expert Alla had some questions about your background as well and you did not get back to her. Maybe we can discuss your situation also in your earlier opened thread, as we have exhanged way more details there.
Please feel welcome to get back to us and all the best,