Thank you for sharing your situation with the Wefugees Community!
As the Czech Republic initially issued the Schengen visa and you entered that country first, it will also stay to be in charge for your Asylum procedure.
However, if you stay in Germany now for more than 6 months after the final decision of the court without hiding yourself, and the authorities do not deport you to the Czech Republic, your case might be transferred to the German government.
Am I right on this, @Infoverbund and @alla_fka?
All the best,