Welcome to Wefugees.
You should not feel embarrassed. You are a knowledgeable educated person and definitely you can find your way. The only key is 'not losing the hope and trying different things, as a long term project, to find your way'.
Let's move on to your questions.
Well, to become an official teacher isn't very easy in Germany, because Germans have their own education system for "Lehramt". The teachers have 2 "Fach" and some other details.
So I guess, your degree isn't "anerkannt" as official teacher "Lehramt", but is anernkannt as a normal Linguistic degree.
Just if they would see they need more teachers in some fields, they might take and hire people as "Quereinsteiger" (people who don't have the official "Lehramt" degree but are qualified in that field) and for example in Berlin, unfortunetaly, English isn't in the list:
You can check in your own "Bundesland". Or better to got to "Beratung" time of Schulamt or Senatsverwaltung für Bildung, or something equal to that in your Bundesland.
And if English is in the list of the "Fächer" which are in need in your Bundesland, you can apply as a Quereinsteiger if you have master degree in your field and C1 Deutsch. I did not understand from your description what univesity degree you have.
There would be an option of studying and getting "Lehramt" degree in your field, if you want to do that. University of Potsdam has a program for refugee teachers to accomplish the study here and get the certificate in Germany. That means you won't need to study from the beginning, but just some parts of it. You can contact them and ask more. In your case, you don't need to do Module 1 because you already have B2:
Other options would be to apply for teaching jobs out of school system. Means Language institutes and private teaching ("Nachhilfe")... And these jobs you can find and apply on "jobsuche" websites, or just go personally to the institutes and talk with them about yourself, show them your CV, ask for internships, and find your networks and your way through.
I hope I could give you some useful information.
If you have more detailed questions, you can contact my colleague, who is also originally from Syria and has a vast knowledge in this field, Dr. Ibrahim Alsayed:
Mobil: 0172 7 07 25 36
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